why shouldn't it end up with a greater outcome ? could you please elaborate ? Under what condition, equal chances in USA will lead to inferior condition ?
If you are engineering an outcome, you are in fact discriminating against people who should be there on merit, just because you want to equalise between races and genders. This is wrong.
Another problem is of course, how many races are you going to include in this? why blacks vs whites? How about Indians, Philipinos, Chinese, Persians, Arabs, etc etc. It's a slippery slope.
I give you a different example. Most kindergarten teachers are women. Imagine pushing for an equality of outcome where 50% of kindergarten teachers are men.
How many other professions like this are there dominated by one gender. If it due to lack of opportunity then it's wrong of course.
That's why I say, give people equal opportunity in everything and let the outcome take care of itself based on merit. Don't try to engineer the outcome.